A while back I got a mail that told me that, because I don’t believe in an infinite growth and globalization as an overall answer, I was a communist.
There are a lot of people who lived through the cold war and believe there are only 2 ways to run an economy (and the world): capitalism vs. communism. As long as we keep thinking black and white (and thereby denying all other colors of the spectrum), we’ll never have big breakthroughs in our system.
Communism didn’t work, but neither does capitalism really (unless keeping Africa and South-america poor on purpose while destroying all resources for next generations sounds like a perfect system to you). In this post I would like to present briefly some other types of economical systems people are already trying. I think in the end, it’s not about choosing 1 system and ignore all side-effects, but to create an open vision where all these systems (capitalism and communism included) can work together.
- Participatory Economy: Citizens are directly involved in decisions about production and consumption. More influence and control from the ethical side of consumption.
- Economic Cooperation: Cooperation and reciprocity are the starting point. There are self-management responsibilities which are evenly distributed among participants.
- Solidarity economy: Man and nature are central in this model. Mutual support and respect for nature and environment are key elements.
- Care Economy: The basic principle here is equality between people. It’s about human dignity and equal opportunities for all.
- Ecological Economics: Sustainability is the key concept. The economic subsystem is part of the ecological system. There is a fair distribution of resources and everyone should have basic ecological rights.